The Five Areas

Practical life
Practical life is very important in Montessori education. Care for the person, the environment, and common courtesy are taught in this section of Montessori. The child learns to care for their own being by learning to dress, groom, and prepare snack. They learn to care for the environment by cleaning, washing clothes, and gardening. They learn common courtesy by walking carefully, carrying objects properly, and using good manners. Practical skills such as pouring, using a spoon, folding, using tools, cutting, and beading are all included in the Practical Life section of Montessori. All Practical life works help the child practice hand-eye coordination, gross and fine motor skills, and daily functions. In perfecting these skills the child forms self-confidence, concentration, and a sense of order.

The Sensorial curriculum in Montessori education focuses on the exploration and understanding of a child’s environment. Sensorial materials are designed to isolate each sense, so children can work independently to organize and understand their work without the fear of failure. The senses the child will refine by using the sensorial works during a sensitive period are visual, tactile, auditory, gustatory, olfactory, baric, thermic, and stereognostic. Sensorial works also prepare a child for math, geometry, language, writing, and logical thinking.

Every lesson in Language is presented in order from left to right, giving the child an early concept of reading and writing. Expanding their vocabulary will increase their understanding of the world around them. After learning simple language works that teach order, the child will start to learn sounds using the Sandpaper Letters. The child will then start to hear different sounds in words using the object boxes, which help build on their foundation of vocabulary, and allow them to hear the initial sounds in different words. The child will then learn to identify the ending sounds, and middle sounds in simple CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) words. The next step in the process of language is learning how to spell and read simple CVC words. When a child can read, grammar is introduced starting with the noun, and moving on to articles, adjectives, verbs, prepositions, etc. Language is a process of learning that starts out very simple and concrete, and advances to more abstract thinking.

IMG_7705 (2)Math
Practical life and Sensorial works provide a strong foundation for mathematics. The knowledge gained from both these subjects carries over into the Montessori Math curriculum, where a child is able to discover math with a hands on approach.
Arithmetic, Algebra, and Geometry are all incorporated to edify each other, and allow a child to physically manipulate the material in order to form a concrete understanding of math, and make it easier to understand more abstract concepts.


The Cultural area of the Montessori classroom covers a variety of subjects. Geography, Science, Botany, Zoology, and History are included. Art and Music are also considered a part of the Cultural Area of the classroom. The Montessori cultural study is another thing that makes the Montessori classroom different from other ones.  Maria felt that having knowledge and understanding of such subjects is what makes one a “cultured” person. The child will learn about the world and everything in it.



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